About Tiruchirappalli


Situated in Tiruchirappalli district, on the banks of the River Kaveri (also spelt as Cauvery) is Tiruchirappalli, a city known for its educational institutions, industries and temples. It is shortly called as "Tiruchi" or "Trichy".

Trichy is the district headquarters of the district Tiruchirappalli and has its name for tourist attraction. The city is a thriving commercial centre in Tamil Nadu and is famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom cloth, glassbangles and wooden and clay toys.

Tiruchi has a long history dating back to the centuries before the Christian era when it was a Chola citadel. During the first millennium AD, it changed hands between the pallavas and pandyas many times before it was taken over by the Cholas in the 10th century AD. When the Chola Empire finally declined, Tiruchi passed into the hands of the Vijayanagar kings of Hampi and remained with them until their defeat in 1565 AD by the forces of Deccan Sultans. The city and its fort, as they stand today, were built by the Nayaks of Madurai. It was one of the main centres around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India.

The most famous landmark of Tiruchirappalli is the Rock Fort Temple. This temple crowns a massive outcrop of rock that soars 83 meters upwards, from the surrounding plains. Halfway up is the Sri Thayumanaswamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. It has a 100 pillared hall, and a Vimana. From its summit we will get a fantastic view of the town plus its other main landmark, Srirangam, Cauvery River, Coleroon River, Thiruvanaika Kovil. The Float Festival celebrated during the months of March-April at the Rock Fort Temple draws crowds in huge numbers. Viralimalai is a small townsituated at the distance of 30 kms from Tiruchirappalli and 40 kms from Pudukkottai. It is famous for its Murugan Temple and the Peacock Sanctuary. The town is bestowed with a large number of wild peacocks which roam around the Murugan temple.

Located at a distance of 58 kms from Trichy is Sittanavasal, a site of an ancient Jain monastery with fine fresco paintings in a rock cave. many of them are typical of the 9th century Pandyan period and include exquisitely detailed pictures of animals, fish, ducks, people gathering lotuses from a pond, and two dancing figures. There are also inscriptions dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Fresco paintings from the 7th century can be seen on the ceiling of the Ardhamandapam.

Trichy is famous for its cigars and cheroots. Amongst handicraft are brassware, handloom textiles, pith models of temples and Rock Fort, wood and clay toys, jewellery, ornamental carved brass and copper plates inlaid with silver (Tanjore plates), brassware, silks, carpets, and musical instruments.

One can also visit the Dindigul(93 kms), Karur (69 kms) and Thanjavur (48 kms).

Contact Information

Office of the Commissioner of Central Excise
No.1, Williams Road,
Cantonment,
Trichy-620001.
E-mail: cextrich@excise.nic.in

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